Quahog is a universal term for any hard shell clam. Perhaps you are familiar with littleneck clams and cherry stone clams, which also fall under the general term of quahog.
I imagine the word quahog probably comes from the indigenous Wampanoag language. The Wampanoag people lived happily on Cape Cod for thousands of years before Europeans arrived, and quahogs were an important part of their diet.
In this post I'd like to "bring you with me" on one of my 2022 quahogging adventures.
You can use the table of contents below to skip to certain sections of this article, or simply continue scrolling for Cape Cod quahogging tips and advice, as well as information about how you can start quahogging on your own.
Quahogging with MFCC member Richard Banks
The afternoon of May 25th 2022 was warm and sunny, with a light breeze blowing over the marsh grass towards a tranquil Cape Cod Bay. It was a beautiful day for quahogging.
For this trip I would be clamming with longtime My Fishing Cape Cod member Richard Banks.
Over the years, Richard has been a very helpful My Fishing Cape Cod member - especially when it comes to shellfishing.
Our plan, as Richard explained, was to harvest the quahogs during low tide use clamming rakes. I was eager to get started, as I often am at the beginning of any sort of fishing or Cape Cod adventure.
Quahogging on Cape Cod
There are many spots throughout Cape Cod where you can harvest quahogs.
Each town on Cape has areas where it's legal to dig for clams, and other areas where it's not legal to dig for clams.
For this trip, we would be quahogging at the beach shown in the image below.
Terns and piping plovers were swirling overhead as we walked down the shoreline to one of Richard's favorite places to go quahogging.
"See that little bunch of rocks there? That's the spot", said Richard. We entered the water by the rocks, just off a marshy bank, and got ready to start raking.
Clamming Rakes & How to Use Them
We started digging using a nine tooth clamming basket rake.
Richard showed me the teeth (also called tines) of the clamming rake and emphasized how careful one must be when using a clamming rake.
The tines of the rake are quite sharp, to say the least.
"The tines of the clamming rake will cut your boots, they'll cut your fingers, they can do some deadly damage, so be careful of those", Richard explained.
Technically speaking, the clamming rake is a basket rake. What you do is reach the clamming rake out into the water, and then turn the tines down so they go into the sand.
Work the rake into the sand a bit and you'll start to hear the tines raking against the rocks and other debris.
Continue raking it through the sand, bringing the clamming rake closer to you. As the clamming rake gets closer, lift the pole up out of the water.
Once you have a basket full, give the clamming basket a twist, turn it up, and reach in to cull out any clams that are in there.
Finding even one quahog is a good sign, and in some areas you'll be able to quickly harvest a whole bunch of quahogs. When you start bringing up 10 or 12 quahogs in the clamming basket at one time, then that's a good haul.
On this day it didn't take long for Richard to start raking up some keeper-size quahogs.
"Come right down in here Ryan, on the other side of me" Richard said. "Face me and then start pulling the rake back towards you."
It was finally my turn to go to work and dig up some quahogs of my own. I've quahogged before, but I'm far from an experienced clammer, so I continued peppering Richard with questions.
"Any idea how deep they can dig down into the sand?", I asked.
"It's usually about the length of the tines".
I dug the rake into the sand and could feel it scratching against some rocks and perhaps a quahog or two. Once I finished I lifted the clam rake from the water and found a few nice quahogs in the basket.
"Excellent! I got a couple now too!" I remarked.
I put the quahogs into the basket and continued raking. After all, I was hoping to harvest enough quahogs so my wife Lauren could make her Drunken Quahog recipe, which is delectable!
One essential piece of clamming equipment is a clamming gauge. Quahogs are legal if they can't pass through the opening of the clamming gauge on their hinge side.
Remember that this only applies to quahogs, which are hard shell clams.
With soft shell clams, to be a keeper the clam can't pass through the clamming gauge lengthwise.
Oysters have to be longer than the length of the clamming gauge, which is three inches long.
"Now what's interesting is that this clamming gauge and the rib rake's tine openings are the same dimension. The beauty of that is when you're raking up small quahogs, they'll just fall out of the basket", explained Richard.
Of course you still need to check your catch and cull it out, but for the most part, if the quahogs are in your clam rake's basket, then you can pretty much count on your quahogs being of legal size.
Additional Clamming Equipment
The standard recreational clamming basket is 10 quarts, which is often the limit for quahogs depending on the season and the town.
Richard uses a styrofoam ring on his basket. Inflatable rings, pool noodles, or a boogie board cut with a large hole in the middle can also work great. You can often pick these up for free at beach dumpsters after a busy summer day.
Gloves are good to protect your hands when pulling out the rocks from the rake basket, or when digging through the muck to find the quahogs.
Cape Cod's Quahog Seeding Programs
The area proved to be productive and there was certainly no shortage of quahogs. The main reason being, is that this area (along with many others throughout Cape Cod) are seeded.
Each year, towns on Cape Cod purchase different size quahog seed and grow them to supplement the natural populations within each town. Once they are large enough, they are available for harvest by those with shellfish licenses.
Yes 100% wild quahogs exist in many spots, but the most heavily fished areas are seeded by Natural Resources departments through the Cape region.
"Can you imagine how productive the quahogging was here 500 years ago? I can only imagine how abundant the seafood was back then" I said to Richard.
We continued chatting about how productive the fishing, lobstering and shellfishing must have been in this exact spot hundreds, as well as thousands of years ago.
Richard also mentioned how these quahog shells are the shells that the indigenous people of Cape Cod used for Wampum. I'm not quite sure how it worked or what it was based on, but the quahog shells were part of their monetary system.
A Special Quahogging Program for Veterans
One thing every town on the Cape has is a special shellfishing program for veterans.
If you're a veteran like Richard, then you can go to whatever town you're in (even if you're not a resident) and get a town shellfishing permit at the resident rate.
For example, Richard lives in Yarmouth, but because he's a veteran he could go to Brewster and also get a Brewster permit at the resident rate. This can add up to some real big savings if you want to shellfish all over the Cape.
If you're a veteran, then Richard encourages you to inquire, get yourself a permit by visiting a town's Natural Resources department (here's a link to Yarmouth's department). You can then start harvesting quahogs from different towns throughout Cape Cod.
Quahogging Rules & Regulations
If you do start quahogging in different Cape towns, then just be aware that each town on Cape Cod has different quahogging rules and regulations.
For example, one town might say you can't go shellfishing if the air temperature is under 32 degrees. The town next door might say you can't go shellfishing if the air temperature is under 29 degrees.
Because each town has its' own rules, you need to make sure you know what they are. You can get an overview of general rules and regulations by clicking a toggle below.
However be sure to visit a specific town's Natural Resources office or webpage for town-specific rules and other information.
Just about every town on Cape Cod has an oyster season, and each one that does has a different set of rules and regulations regarding when and where you can go shell fishing. Rather than reviewing the specifics of each town’s regulations I suggest that you contact the town on Cape Cod where you plan on oystering, and review their specific rules.
Shell fishing permits
One thing all towns do require is a shell fishing permit. The permit is usually issued to the head of the household and normally all members of the household can use that permit. The catch limit is for the household and not per person. Just about every town allows you to bring friends along to help out but once again you are only allowed to take what the permit allows for the household.
Resident vs. non-resident permits
While every town offers a resident permit not all have non-resident permits and some have yearlong permits, while others allow you to go for a week at a time. Because it is the end of the year and the town where I like to go issues permits that will be expiring on December 31, 2015 I have been getting non-resident week long permits that allow me to go shell fishing anywhere in their waters during a seven day period.
As an fyi, a week long permit in my town for a non-resident costs $20.00. This allows me to get 5 quarts of in the shell oysters during that seven day period. Is five quarts worth the $20.00? The way I figure it five quarts equates to about 6 dozen oysters. So even if I could get oysters for a $1.00 a piece I am still way ahead of the game by spending the $20.00 for the permit.
When you can go
Most of the towns allow you to start oystering at sunrise and require you to stop at sunset or before sunset. I haven’t seen any towns that allow you to go shell fishing at night. Once again check the town’s rules and regs to be sure when you can go. Some of the towns limit the days you can go and others do not, and some have special days for oystering which allow access to areas that have been seeded.
Many towns restrict oystering to when the air temperature is above 29 degrees F. Once again check your town regulations.
The state has a minimum size limit of three inches and all towns adhere to this minimum size.
Cleaning your Quahogs
Digging the quahogs is the fun part, but before you cook them up, you'll probably want to give the quahogs a bit of a cleaning.
To clean the outside of the quahog, Richard uses the rough side of a sponge to remove any film that might be on the quahog shell. He then gives the quahog a good rinse.
At this point your quahogs should look nice and clean.
Cleaning the quahog shells doesn't take much skill or effort, but when you have 10 quarts of quahogs, be prepared to spend a little time cleaning up your clams before you cook them.
Storing & Cooking Quahogs
You can store the quahogs in your frig for several days. Some people freeze them for eating later. Richard prefers to keep them alive until it's time to cook.
Speaking of cooking, you can eat quahogs any number of ways. A lot of people prefer to eat them raw, with the smaller quahogs being the best for this treat.
You can also steam quahogs on the stove top. The quahogs will be done once the shells open.
You can also put quahogs directly on the grill and wait a few minutes for them to pop open. The brine inside will be very hot so give the quahogs a little time to cool down before eating.
Richard also likes to remove the bellies of the large quahogs, and then dice up the meat for use in chowder, with pasta or for making stuffed quahogs.
While on the topics of cooking quahogs, I wanted to make sure I shared with you some of the quahog recipes that we have here on the site.
I speak from experience when I say that these recipes are winners!
I had a wonderful experience quahogging with My Fishing Cape Cod member Richard Banks, and I learned a lot. Thanks again Richard for inviting me along on this trip!
Richard and I also captured the experience on film and I will be airing footage about quahogging this March as part of season 6 of My Fishing Cape Cod TV on NBC Sports Boston. I hope you'll tune in!
Thank you as always for reading this post. I hope you enjoyed it! Wintertime has arrived on Cape, but I assure you it won't be long until it's time to go quahogging again.
Tight lines! 🎣